“A review of the three dominant learning theories: Cognitive-Behaviourist, Social-Constructivist and Connectivist, and the pedagogies derived from them. The review is very relevant to the use of digital technologies in education using a community of inquiry analysis model beginning with a description of each learning theory and then analyses of the cognitive presence, social presence and teacher presence, and concludes with a summary of the strengths and weaknesses of each. This paper is a must read for educators interested in elearning.”
Over a beer and salty tears yesterday, (we were watching the Canucks get hammered by the Bruins), Jon and I were talking about a slide set he was preparing for a presentation to our Nursing Faculty here at Athabasca. One of the slides shows a fourth integrative pedagogy that it refers to as holist.
We had a bit of discussion if holist isn’t just a term for appropriate use of all three pedagogical generations, which we argue for in the paper, thus making the need for a fourth term redundant – just as modern distance education uses multiple generations of communications technologies (print, video, web etc.)
The slides are quite evocative, and the theme expands on Jon’s ideas of soft and hard technologies and talks about the “elephant in the room” – that being the impact of the teacher/tutor. Though generally accepted as critical in campus based education, in distance education, there has always been much more a sense of replacement of teachers with better content, self-direction and more recently with peer learning – see my “equivalency theory” for more descriptions about the capacity to substitute one type of interaction for another. Jon argues that the human presence and flexibility of the tutor is useful in ‘softening’ the otherwise hard systems that often are associated with distance education systems – and especially the large mega universities.
Not that I have anything against teachers (after all I am one!), but they are expensive. I still think we can achieve better and ‘softer’ implementations using flexible and user defined content, peer groups and other ways besides thinking that there is ALWAYS an elephant that must be in the room somewhere – the teacher.
Anyways, you may enjoy Jon’s slides (I did) at